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Selected References on Caribbean Women and Gender Equality

Dec 8, 2004, 17:39

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1. Antrobus, Peggy. The Global Women’s Movement: Issues and Strategies for the New Century. London: Zed Books. 2004.

This is an overview of the international women’s movement which asks the following questions: where are women now – especially in the Third World – in the struggle against gender inequality? What are the issues – from poverty to sexual and reproductive health to the environment – that they face in different parts of the world? What challenges confront the women’s movement and what strategies are needed?


2. Barriteau Eudine. Are Caribbean Women Taking Over? Contradictions for Women in Caribbean Society. Inaugural Dame Nita Barrow Lecture presented in Toronto, December 1997.

This is a lecture on the changing nature of gender relations in the Caribbean and what these change mean for women.


3. Barriteau, Eudine. Examining the Issues of Men, Marginalization and Masculinity in the Caribbean: Policy Implications. Working paper no.4. ISBN: 976-021-059-4. Center for Gender and Development Studies. Barbados.

Are Caribbean men marginalized?  Eudine Barriteau challenges the male marginalization thesis posed by Errol Miller making a thorough analysis of the thesis to demonstrate that it is flawed, she offers a framework for assessing marginalization and analyses the popular belief that co-education reproduces male marginalization by examining the work of a number of UWI scholars.  She concludes that Caribbean men are not marginalized and recommends national policy that is shaped by a commitment to gender justice and gender equity that will not discriminate or tolerate conditions of discrimination for either sex.


4. Barriteau, Eudine. The Political Economy of Gender in the Twentieth Century.    

Palgrave Macmillan. 2001.

Eudine Barriteau exposes the precarious position of women in 20th- century     Caribbean societies through analyzing the operations of gender systems. She reveals the absence of gender justice and equity, and demonstrates that after 25 years of policies on women, Caribbean societies still have not confronted the fundamental problem of women's subordination and the conditions that maintain the status quo.


5. Barrow, Christine. Caribbean Portraits: Essays in Gender Ideologies and Identities. Kingston: Ian Randle Publishers. 1998.

A collection of 24 essays on gender ideologies and identities in the Caribbean.


6. ECLAC. Mexico City Consensus. Ninth Session of the Regional Conference on Women in Latin America and the Caribbean. Conference Room Paper DSC/1/Rev.1     21 June 2004.


7. ECLAC. Report of the /CDCC Fourth Caribbean Ministerial Conference

on Women: Review and Appraisal of the Beijing Platform for Action. ECLAC-CDCC/CIDA/UNIFEM/CARICOM. Original: 12 – 13 February 2004, Kingstown, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines. LC/CARL/L.1, 24 March 2004.

This report reviews and evaluates the status of women in the sub-region. Remarks and addresses were given by ministers, ambassadors, directors of IGOs and NGOs, and academics. This report is available in pdf. format:


8. Ellis, Patricia. Women, Gender and Development in the Caribbean. London: Zed Books, 2003.

The roles and social positions of women in the English-speaking Caribbean have changed profoundly over the past generation. Pat Ellis looks back over what has been achieved since 1980, and forward to the issues and challenges facing Caribbean men and women in the context of changing development policies, the increasing incidence of poverty, and a population deeply affected by migration and ageing.


9. Kilkenny, Roberta. Women in Social and Political Struggle: British Guiana

1946- 1953.  Presented at the 16th Annual Conference of Caribbean Historians,

April 8-13 1984.

This paper examine the roles of women’s organizations in British Guiana over the period 1946-1953 and notes that they did not merely serve a supporting role in the struggle for political and social justice as has been documented in the country’s  post-war historiography.


10.McCroduck, Pamela and Nancy Ramsey. The Futures of Women: Scenarios for The 21st Century. Reading: Addison-Wesley Publishing Co. 1996.

This book estimates and examines that status of women in the 21st Century. Their results offer 4 plans for the future, namely: a worldwide backlash against women, harmonious equality of the sexes, a society where the gains and losses maintain the status quo, a separate but equal world of equality for the sexes. The authors predict that elements of each plan will occur.


 11. Nain, Gemma Tang and Barbara Bailey. Eds. Gender Equality in the Caribbean: Reality or Illusion. Kingston: Ian Randle Publishers. 2003.

This is a collection of essays by a number of outstanding women of the Caribbean 

on the situation of women in the region in the period since the Beijing Conference of 1995. Some commentators in the region have advanced the view that gender equality has been achieved within the Caribbean Community and, if anything, it is boys and men who are now disadvantaged. It is against the backdrop of this view that the seven essays appearing in this book were written. Examining a range of issues including education, poverty, decision-making, and violence, the authors expose the weaknesses of the dominant argument and point to continuing burdens and disadvantages faced by women.


12. Porter, Rosemary Anne. Women and State: Women’s Movements in Grenada and their Role in the Grenadian Revolution, 1979 – 1983. Ph.D. Dissertation.

Temple University.

This study examines the participation of Grenadian women in the economic, political and social processes in Grenada, before, during and after the People's Revolutionary Government (PRG) led by Maurice Bishop from March 1979 to October 1983. It compares the participation of women in women's organizations in Grenada with their participation in the National Organization of Women (NOW), an organization developed by the New Jewel Movement as a mass organization of women through which women would participate in the revolutionary process.


 13. Reddock R. Women’s Organizations and Movements in the Commonwealth

Caribbean: The Response to Global Economic Crisis in the 1980s. Feminist Review vol. 59, no. 1. 1998.  In this paper the author explores the emergence of  women's organizations and feminist consciousness in the twentieth century in the English-speaking (Commonwealth) Caribbean. The global ideas concerning women's equality from the 1960s onwards clearly informed the initiatives taken by both women and states of the Caribbean. This document is available via the Internet:


 14. Wieringa, Saskia. Ed. Subversive Women: Women’s Movements in Africa, Asia, Latin America and the Caribbean. London: Zed Books. 1996.

This anthology of feminist writing demonstrates the complexity and diversity of women's movements worldwide. The book opens with an analysis of women's history as subversion and the methodological aspects of feminist research projects.

© Copyright 2004 by UNIFEM

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